Here are my notes from the presentation from prof. Hartmut Glaser, Nic.br:
The first connection was in october 1988. The first .br domain was registered in April 1989. The Comitê Gestor was created in May 1995. In November 1997 the PTT (NAP) was installed in Sao Paulo
Today we have roughly 1/3 of the Brazilian population using the Internet.
.com and .net in Brazil are available not only for corporations and telecom companies - even natural persons can use them.
Initially the Internet Steering Committee (Comitê Gestor) has the legal framework from a Interministerial Act number 147 of 1995 - this document does not have a legal force - therefore causing some uncertainty. Then the Presidential Decree 4829 of 2003 was issued to meet the Internt service initiaitves in Brazil.
Cgi.br: main attributions
coordinates the domain name registration under the .br ccTLD and coordinates the attribution of IP and ASNs
directives related to the use and development of the Internet
recommend procedres for the operation, norms and technical standards of the Internet in Brazil
propose research and development programs to promote innovation, improvement of quality and dissemination of use of the Internet
Principles of this model:
First it has multilateral (government, corporations, third sector and academia) are represented
The process is democratic and transparent
Composition: government has 9 members, corporations 4, third sector 4, academia 3 and one person of notorious knowledge
To have a seat, the representatives go through an election process. In the case of academia, they are represented by the scientific entities that represent more than one university - they organize themselves to become candidates and form the election hubs, presenting candidates and the election happens in two turns through electronic voting.
The Comite Gestor works through the Camaras Consultoras under construction at the moment. For example, when there is no representative of the external relations ministry, we have now a permanent observer. But there are other ministries, such as justice, culture, education... all of whom desiring to participate. Because of that we are planning to create such Camaras, to allow these participants without having to change the Presidential Decree. Not only ministries but also the private sector will be able to join.
Comissoes de Trabalho will also be created for more specific tasks.
Grupos de Trabalho will be created by the volunteers, who are criticizing and participating the process, to improve the activities of the Comite Gestor. These are the users and operators of the Internet and thus the Comitê Gestor has a close relationship and cooperation with the users.
Governance: we discuss the positions with the government before going to a mission abroad.
Statistics: the Comite Gestor publishes statistics on the Internet penetration in Brazil.
We also value Brazilian Portuguese content, making digital the content from the National Library with the support of private and public institutions.
Anti-spam law: we have coordination with ISPs. We recommend that the port 25 is not used, because of its abuse for spam.
We help in the creation of public policy for greater digital inclusion.
The CGI.br exective arm is NIC.br - the Nucleo de Informação e Coordenação do Ponto BR. This is a legal entity for implementation. The assemply is made by the 21 members of the Comite Gestor. This assemply indicates the Administrative Counsel of seven members and the Directors.
This blog post written by Seiiti Arata on #SSIG
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Brazil License