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Post Arab Revolution Mandate for Internet Governance in the MENA Region

Although Internet Freedom represents progress in Tunisia.The Internet is an essentially private environment and therefore demands greater accountability from the private sector. There is no goverance mechanismes that prioritize strategic IG governance over the buisness market or the deficient government bureaucratic policies to the respect of human rights, cyber-security or privacy.

In Tunisia, these objections shall be briefly reviewed the private sector should implement a reliable power supply to operate the computers, a well-functioning telephone network to transmit data, foreign currency to import the technology, and computer-literate personnel are all prerequisites for the successful use of IT. Such infrastructural elements remain inadequate in many African countries. For instance, the number of telephones per 1,000 people ranges between 12 and 50, depending on the country, and many of the lines that do exist are out of order much of the time.

The Internet, are inherently democratic, provide the public and individuals with access to information and sources and enable all to participate actively in the communication process. States to impose excessive regulations on the use these technologies, and again, particularly the Internet, on the grounds that control, regulation, and denial of access are necessary to preserve the moral fabric and cultural identities of societies which is paternalistic. These regulations presume to protect people from themselves and, as such, are inherently incompatible with the principles of the worth and dignity of each individual. Internet connectivity is of special significance to civil society in the Arab world.

Computer networks greatly facilitate small group participation at all levels within groups, between groups, and between groups and their constituencies thus helping to strengthen the organizations of civil society. Many NGOs working on IG related issues like cyber-security have embraced the Internet as a means of exchanging, collecting, and disseminating information quickly and cheaply.

Groups and organizations in the MENA region are no exception. The use of ICTs and computer-mediated communication (CMC), most notably the Internet, as effective tools in the hands of organizations of civil society in order to advance both local and global agendas, has proven itself in Tunisia, Egypt, Morocco, Palestine and Yemen ( MENA region in general ) also in China and South East Asia and among global organizations of civil society such as human rights groups and ecologically oriented organizations.

This potential empowerment of civil society organizations exists in the MENA region as well, providing the possibility to shatter the existing corporatist paradigms that are so prevalent in the region, and which stifle the growth of more democratic organizations of civil society. By lowering organizational costs, overcoming political, geographical and temporal boundaries by allowing the organizations to work behind the scenes mobilizing local and international support for democratic agendas, far from the prying eyes of the state, the Internet has the ability to unleash the full potential of civil society in the MENA region.

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