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Priyanthi Daluwatte, tutor for the Internet Governance Capacity Building Programme - IGCBP Asia/India group has shared the following exchange that happened in her online classroom on Cloud Computing:



What if the cloud bursts?
by Participant A (24/03/2010 23:47)
There was a huge debate on this issue at the 31st International Conference of Privacy
Commissioners
in Madrid last year. For me the prime IG issue around cloud
computing
remains: equal access to cloud; privacy; and online safety. In the
rapidly
changing, hostile world, where nationalistic agendas also taking
center
stage in the IG debate, these are points of great concern. I really
wonder that why governments would wish to arrest the Internet in
borders
:( There is an interesting article, which raises some very pertinent

questions on the subject, and I found it an interesting read. You
may
also like to access it here: http://preview.tinyurl.com/q7gltp


Cloud computing used by apple
by Participant B (26/03/2010 05:41)

Link To:
http://theappleblog.com/2009/12/07/predicting-2010-apple-and-the-cloud/
Apple’s moves towards cloud computing have been cautious. MobileMe, iWork.com and in some
ways iTunes, can all be seen as cloud-based services, but none of
them
have offered ground-breaking solutions. It’s obvious that Apple’s
cloud strategy is based mostly around complementing its computer
based-solutions.
It continues to feel strongly that the best place to create and/or
edit
files is on your computer, where you can take full advantage of
today’s
hardware and the power of OS X.


YouTube website crashes
by Participant C (26/03/2010 08:27)

Link To:
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/fd76460e-380a-11df-9e8e-00144feabdc0.html
YouTube, one of the world’s
most popular websites, was offline for more than an hour due to a
technical
fault on Thursday and on Wednesday Wikipedia, another top-ten site
by
traffic usage, went offline for several hours due to cooling
problems
with its servers. The security and stability of these servers farms
is an important question for discussion on cloud computing.


Cloud Computing in Pakistan
by Participant E (24/03/2010 13:23)
Cloud computing in its least
amount form of web applications has long been making inroads into
the
Pakistani consumer computing habits. Hotmail, Gmail, Facebook,
Orkut,
Naseeb, Webex, Skype, Yahoo, YouTube, Vimeo and MSN are all examples

of computing applications that harness remote computing power - or
in
the cloud computing language these applications reside and operate
in
the cloud. As of December 2009, Pakistan had close to 1.4m Facebook
users and 1.7m Yahoo users. Web applications have also been making
deep
penetrations into the business operations of the Pakistani
Enterprise.
For example, Rozee.pk recruiting web-service, with more than 25,000
registered employers and 1.4m prospective employees, has
fundamentally
changed the recruiting function of a Pakistani Enterprise. Services
such as Google maps, bastee.com,
lahorereale-state.com
and pakwheels.com
have been gradually defining new rules for the Pakistani Automotive
and Real Estate industry. The largest Pakistani distant learning
institute,
Virtual University uses “YouTube” as a display place to deliver
classroom lectures, while its students use Gmail and Google Talk to
communicate with peers.

=>
Could computing for the researchers from developing nations
by Priyanthi Daluwatte (24/03/2010 19:20)

Link To:
http://www.newsweek.com/id/195734
Big players like Google,
Microsoft and Amazon refused to sign on to the Open Cloud
Manifesto,
developed by a consortium of technology firms, which has tried
to define
the cloud as a public resource for everyone's benefit, to be
given over
to philanthropic causes wherever possible. Researchers, though,
may
not have to wait for a manifesto. Prices will eventually drop,
and cloud
operators could make their own special arrangements for
customers with
large workloads, or with those from countries most in need. The
UK 's
Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, for instance,
is
now in negotiations with Amazon to sponsor a West African
researcher
for free access to their cloud computing services. The cloud is
already
being used to bridge the digital divide. Cloud computing is
making high-end
computing readily available to researchers in rich and poor
nations
alike. By Christopher Werth | NEWSWEEK, Published May 2, 2009





Big players using Cloud Computing
by Participant A (26/03/2010 14:43)
Google's App Engine Amazon's
Web Services


Google hack could hurt cloud computing
by Participant C (26/03/2010 08:12)

Link To:
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/2eda6f70-0059-11df-8626-00144feabdc0.html
Most companies that are concerned about security are not considering the cloud at the
moment.
What will be the future of Cloud Computing with growing attacks on
the
cloud?

=>
Cloud Security Alliance formed to promote best practices
by Participant B (27/03/2010 13:40)

Link To:
http://www.cloudsecurityalliance.org/
Yes, security is one of
the concerns about cloud computing that is delaying its
adoption. One
of the biggest security concerns about cloud computing is that
when
you move your information into the cloud, you lose control of
it. The
cloud gives you access to the data, but you have no way of
ensuring
no one else has access to the data. How can you protect yourself
from
a security breach somewhere else in the cloud? The Cloud
Security Alliance
is a non-profit organization formed to promote the use of best
practices
for providing security assurance within Cloud Computing, and
provide
education on the uses of Cloud Computing to help secure all
other forms
of computing. More about them at: http://www.cloudsecurityalliance.org/
With all these measures, it should make its way ahead overcoming
all
the security issues in future.




Cloud Computing - Will it work for developing nations?
by Participant F (22/03/2010 07:55)
There is a huge gap in Internet
penetration and economic condition of developed and developing
nations.
Even the access charges to Internet are not affordable for masses in

developing nations, how will they pay for 'application usage
charges'
as advocated by Cloud Computing? Unless we can connect most part of
the population to Internet WITH enough economic stability, the
concept
of 'cloud computing' cannot be viable for a common man in develpoing

nations.

=>
How to reach the cloud
by Priyanthi Daluwatte (24/03/2010 03:44)
Indeed you are correct Participant F,
we in the developing countries need "ground computing" more
than cloud computing. Sorry for inventing a term! If I indicate
an example
from my government office, I have 10 computers in my division
and each
machine has a different configuration, some are more than 4
years old,
not all are connected to the net. Certainly the idea of
centralised
data storage is indeed welcome and thats where we should reach,
but
without the adequate infrastructure and connectivity I am
doubtful.
Right now, the computers are used as glorified type writers as
we never
make use of many features in automation. The positive aspect is
that,
things are happening in the right direction and electronic
systems are
coming in place. Connectivity plays and important role, and also
the
quality of service when it comes to connecting rural
communities. As
there are many NGO and Govt initiatives hopefully the affordable
connectivity
would improve in future.



Access Policies
by Participant C (23/03/2010 21:33)
Access to Cloud computing
will increase pressure on governments to bridge the digital
divide by
providing subsidies or adopting policies that will promote
investment
in broadband networks in rural and other underserved areas.
Unfortunately,
the main impact of many previous efforts to promote network
deployment
has been to distort the market or protect incumbent carriers
from competition
in developing countries. As Cloud computing becomes critical for
a large
percentage of companies, governments will need to find
cost-effective
ways to ensure that homes and businesses have affordable access
to the
Cloud no matter where they are located.

=>
Descriptions on cloud computing
by Priyanthi Daluwatte (24/03/2010 19:33)

Link To:
http://ict4d.at/2009/06/16/financial-crisis-and-cloud-computing-opening-session-global-overview/
You may also find the presentation
on Effectively and Securely Using the Cloud Computing
Paradigm useful.
NIST, Information Technology Laboratory, 10-7-2009 http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/SNS/cloud-computing/index.html
This article may also be of use, Financial Crisis and Cloud
Computing
- Opening session & Global overview Notes from the World
Bank workshop
on “Financial Crisis and Cloud Computing” in Washington .









Cloud Computing in developing countries.
by Participant D (23/03/2010 03:17)
I agree with Participant F . The goal of cloud computing is to provide easy, scalable access to
computing
resources and IT services. But li requires usage charges. Rural
people
may not be able to pay the cost. It is "selling services"
on the internet and those who pay benefit. The only advantage is
that
the service provider hosts both the application and the data, the
end
user is free to use the service from anywhere. Unfortunately, rural
people are yet to be aware of cloud computing or utility computing
in
our country.

=>
Cloud Computing and Developing Countries
by Priyanthi Daluwatte (24/03/2010 19:24)

Link To:
http://www.cloudave.com/link/Cloud-Computing-and-Developing-Countries-%1;-Part-2
Hello team, we were debating
on how cloud computing will help the developing nations. I found
this
article which may shed some light on our discussion. The comfort
level
in the usage of mobile communications in these countries,
combined with
the lack of power and broadband infrastructure, offers an unique
opening
that cloud computing can fill. The SaaS offerings give
businesses in
the developing world a free or low cost alternative to
traditional desktop
based productivity applications. They need not buy expensive
bloated
office suite or accounting software. There are many SaaS based
productivity
and accounting apps that can satisfy their needs. These
businesses now
have an option to use CRM applications which were prohibitively
expensive
in the traditional software world. By moving their data to the
clouds,
these businesses are not held hostage to frequent power failures
and
broadband disruptions. Their data is always available for easy
access
through their mobile devices. With the advent of low cost
smartphones
and netbooks with mobile data capabilities, they can now have an
IT
infrastructure that can parallel even some bigger companies in
the advanced
nations. Cloud computing is a boon to this world. It offers an
opportunity
for individuals and businesses in developing countries to
compete with
those in advanced nations on an equal footing. Such an
opportunity will
create tremendous growth in these countries and help in our
fight against
global poverty.



Access to Cloud
by Participant C (23/03/2010 21:29)

Link To:
http://www.newsweek.com/id/195734
Cloud computing has the
potential to dramatically level the playing field for small and
medium
sized businesses who cannot currently afford to own and operate
the
type of sophisticated information technology systems found in
large
corporations. Researchers, developers, and entrepreneurs in
every corner
of the world could use Cloud computing to collaborate with
partners
elsewhere, share their ideas and expand their horizons provided
that
we increase broadband access in the home and over wireless
connections.








what cloud computing can offer:
by Participant A (26/03/2010 14:57)
* Reducing CAPEX. Cloud computing makes it possible for companies to convert IT costs from
capital
expense to operating expense through technologies such as
virtualization.
* Cutting the cost of running a datacentre. Cloud computing improves

infrastructure utilization rates and streamlines resource
management.
For example, cloud computing allows for self-service provisioning
through
APIs, bringing a higher level of automation to the datacenter and
reducing
management costs. * Eliminating over-provisioning. Cloud computing
provides
scaling on demand which, when combined with utility pricing, removes

the need to over-provision to meet demand. With cloud computing,
companies
can scale up to massive capacities in an instant, without having to
invest in new infrastructure, train new personnel, or license new
software.
* Increasing agility. Cloud computing accommodates change like no
other
model and can also provide a wider selection of more lightweight and

agile development tools, simplifying and speeding up the development

process. * Accelerating cycles. The cloud computing model provides a

faster, more efficient way to develop the new generation of
applications
and services.

=>
What Cloud can offer?
by Participant C (26/03/2010 19:12)
Dear Participant A it surely brings
down the CAPEX in the forms of benefits you have mentioned but
the thing
that is impeding cloud in developing countries is the quality
and reliability
of infrastructure. How can we improve the infrastructure
services reliability
and standards so that SME can benefits from cloud computing?


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