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Highlights of ongoing East Africa IGF in Kampala Uganda

The 3rd East African Internet Governance Forum that began on 11th August ends on Friday 13th August. The following is summary of the
discussions that highlights key issues addressed in the sessions held so far.

Session 1: Official Opening

Session 2: Reports of national IGF process:

  • The need to create value and awareness in order to engage the private sector in IG discussion.
  • United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) reported that:
    • It would soon be launching a knowledge management platform
    • It working on evaluating Africa’s participation in the WSIS and IGF process as well as seeking to establish Africa’s position in light of discussions on the
      continuation of the IGF.
    • Developing indicators on the implementation of cybersecurity in ICT policies

Session 3: Cyber Security Management:

· The forum acknowledged that cybersecurity threats were on the rise as a result of increased usage and access to broadband.

· The need for collaboration in establishment of harmonized cybersecurity policies, legislation and management frameworks specifically the
creation of Computer Incident Response Teams (CIRT) was recognized.

Session 4: Strengthening Critical Internet Resources:

· An appreciation of different ccTLD management and governance structures in each country as these structures were factors
determined by the local context/circumstances

· ccTLDs faced stiff competition from gTLDs hence the need to “strengthening of ccTLDs” in terms of technical excellence, governance
and policy structures, quality of service and price, marketing and branding

· The pricing of ccTLD was determined by numbers (critical mass=reduction in prices), nature of operation, need for sustainability
and perception of the value of ccTLD

· A proposal to set up a working group to discuss the viability/business model of DOT EAC (.eac) was considered taking note of the
proposed ICANN
new gTLD draft applicant guidebook
and proposed process which were lengthy,
complex and expensive.

Session 5: IPv6 Challenge

· Africa for historical reasons (late adopters, relatively new RIR) has not exhausted its IPv4 address block. Another factor of
the relatively low utilization of IPv4 has been the current network design
employed by ISPs and network operators. AfriNIC has therefore launched of the ‘No-NAT’

· IPv6 presents Africa with an opportunity to engage on the same footing as the rest of the world particularly in light of
the growth of the mobile sector by starting the transition to IPv6 early/now!

· The need to create awareness, training and development of a transition strategy was identified.

Session 6: Access and affordability to Broadband

· Acknowledgement of the important of establishing redundancy and resilience of the national, trans-national and submarine fibre
optic networks

· Proposal to ratify the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to guarantee connection and transit
to submarine cables for land-locked countries in the East African region

· Recognition of the need for a regional IXP by through harmonization of regulatory frameworks (licensing requirements and
interconnection guidelines) to facilitate cross-border network operators.

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