Day 3 report
IGF day 3 was the most determinant to take any opportunity of my participation. I check first to the important issues with regard to Africa and Burkina Faso context. I attend to the following discussion and workshop:
1. Transition from IPv4 to IPv6,
2. Discussion about ICANN and ITU,
3. Building confidence and security in the use of ICTs for African Countries
4. Access to Knowledeg
I participated during only 30 mn for the first workshop: transition from IPV04 to IPv06. All recognized the benefit provide by IPv6 in term of Qualities of services, security, and business. The debate was about the slowness of the transition and the limited readiness of developing countries to move to IPv6. For some participants, technologies providers must developed for instant solution to allow both IPv4 and IPv6 to coexist in order to avoid discrimination from those who can not shift to IPv6 today. One panellists draw out that those solutions must be limited in order to avoid slowing down the transition.
The discussion at diplo booth about the merge of ICAN and ITU was very interesting. One group support the merge of ITU and ICANN and the other state that is not necessary. The first group argue that today, we are living in ICT institutional reform; convergence (Technologies, services, etc..). The role of the two (2) organisations must be reform and converge. Standardisation can not be managed separately for the same purpose. Changes is necessary and this change can be the merges of ITU, ICANN and other institutions if necessary.
For the second group, the principle of ICANN is its independence. ICAN is not the government organisation. Even there role look to be the same it is not necessary to merge with ITU. ITU can move to match with nowadays ICT reality without merging with ICANN.
In this session, I provide my view that ITU is an old organisation (more than 100 years ago) and its responsibilities at its starting time are obsoletes. Focussing only in telecommunication are no sens in today information society. In order to avoid costly institution management and the future disappearance of ITU, one solution can be the merge with others strong experience organisations
For the third workshop attended in day 3 one, I did not have satisfaction. Building confidence and security in the use of ICTs for African Countries is very important but there was only one presentation (instead 3 proposed). The other panelist that must make presentation was absent.
In the only one presentation, the panelist outlines the key issues facing Africa in cyber security. For him, they are technological problem (luck of technologies), mythological and legal framework. Hence, he recommended the creation of CERT (Computer Emergency Response Team) to tackle cybercrime. Government must support capacity building in ICT, develop local solution and tools to track cyber crime, improve R&D capability and make research. He provides also the progress maid by Tunisia and Morocco in their institutional framework. I intervene after the presentation to outline the security issues in telephony in Africa, were Mobile telephony services is increasingly developing. I take the example of “social engineering” that is increasing in Africa. I ask to know what is the view of the panelist in Africa were most mobile subscribers are not identified and it rise security issues. I give the case of Burkina Faso were less than 50% of subscribers are not identified and gave the position adopted by the regulator to deactivate unidentified subscribers. As an answer, the panelist give the meaning of social engineering (I knew) and state that it is emerging issue.
The last workshop is about Access to Knowledge. The following issues were discussed: Access to information and contents and copyright. It is important to set policy such open source, freedom of expression and intellectual right protection. For region were there lack of content, government must encourage content development and promote research using ICT solutions. Students must get access to full, non discriminate, and various knowledge and learn also from university to respect copyright and government must ensure that. E-government is also necessary to provides full informations about public services.