In his contribution to workshop Legal Aspects of Internet Governance: International Cooperation on Cyber-security (Workshop 123 ) Vint Cerf recommended that cybercrime should not be the only motivation to develop legal agreement; in addition to legal mechanisms digital signatures could be used to validate information. However there is need for uniform agreement to justify legal structures on cybercrime. Caution however should be applied in viewing cybercrime strictly as legal abuse/criminality, rather than someone on fire therefore needing the help of fire brigade. He therefore called on the formation of a voluntary cross-border cooperative cyber-fire brigade would put out fire in cyber-house which may be a result of an attack or human error e.g in configuration.
Vint Cerf argued that there is need to apply careful thought in the use of the metaphor ’Cyber warfare’’ without careful thought because in cyberwar unlike war in the real world there are no guys wearing uniform and attribution of attack is not possible as it is difficult to identify source of attack. he recommended multilateral and multi-stakeholder discussion on cybercrime.
In his contribution Henry Judy presenting the results of a research noted that the principles of proportionality, necessity should be applied in developing the legal framework to deal with cybercrime. Factors that need to be considered in developing a cybersecurity treaty include economic concerns on cyberdefense, the value, the risk and the incremental steps needed, reconciliation of views, venues and role of organizations civilian & national security agencies, trade & communication ministries, determination of extent of regulation.