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Countdown to the Geneva Internet Conference

The Geneva Internet Conference is just a few days away. It will take place next week on 18-19 November, with a pre-event on 17 November. If you have not registered yet, please do so at your earliest convenience at http://giplatform.org/gic. Remote participants are encouraged to register.

A few highlights: On Monday 17 November from 14.00 to 17.00, we will be organising a pre-conference workshop on Introduction to Internet governance. If you are interested to participate, please contact Barbara Rosen Jacobson at barbarar@diplomacy.edu. On the same day, join us for a keynote reception speech by Mr Fadi Chehadé, CEO and President of ICANN from 17.30.

On Tuesday 18 November from 10:00 to 11:00, let us highlight the Forum on One Internet – many policy angles with Deputy Secretary-General of the ITU, Deputy Director-General of WIPO, Deputy Director-General of the WTO and Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights.

See the detailed programme below. Full details at http://giplatform.org/gic

Conference hashtag: #IGeneva

DAY ZERO – 17 November 2014

14.00 ‒ 17.00

Introduction to Internet governance (pre-conference workshop)
17.30 ‒ 19.30 Keynote address by Fadi Chehadé,
President and Chief Executive Officer, ICANN
Inauguration of Geneva Digital Landscape IG 360° followed by a reception (WMO Attic)
DAY ONE – 18 November 2014
The Internet governance landscape

09.30 ‒ 10.00

Welcome and opening remarks
Ruedi Noser, National Counselor, President of ICT Switzerland and the initiators of the Geneva Internet Platform 
Amb. Jürg Lauber, Head of Division, UN and International Organisations Division, Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs

10.00 ‒ 11.00
FORUM: One Internet – many policy angles
Malcolm Johnson, Deputy Secretary-General, ITU
Christian Wichard, Deputy Director-General, Global Issues Sector, WIPO
Yi Xiaozhun, Deputy Director General, WTO

Flavia Pansieri, Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights, OHCHR
Preserving one Internet involves different policy processes. More than 50% of global Internet policy is discussed and decided on in Geneva: telecom infrastructure, human rights, e-commerce, digital intellectual property are just a few of the areas. This high-level panel will discuss different policy angles, and ways in which cross-cutting Internet policy can be developed. High officials from the ITU, the WTO, and WIPO will discuss potential synergies among their activities of the relevance for the Internet.
11.00 ‒ 11.30
Coffee break and conference photo
11.30 ‒ 13.00
FORUM: Mapping the Internet governance landscape ‒ actors, processes, and issues
Moderator: Jovan Kurbalija, DiploFoundation and GIP
Louis Pouzin, expert in computer communications (one of the fathers of the Internet)
William J. Drake, Visiting Professor, University of Zurich
Rinalia Abdul Rahim, Member of the ICANN Board of Directors
Khaled Fattal, Group Chairman, Multilingual Interne Group, London 
Internet governance is a highly complex policy space with hundreds of actors addressing more than 50 IG issues through more than 1000 mechanisms (conventions, standards,events, experts groups, etc.). The more Internet impacts all spheres of our life, the more complex and broader Internet governance will become.  Very few actors, if any, have a full grasp of the complexity of IG.  The risk of incomprehensible IG could lead towards the marginalisation of some actors and, ultimately, a risk for legitimacy of Internet governance. In addition, good mapping of Internet governance will increase the efficiency of policy processes and reduce duplicate efforts in various forums. The session will discuss the challenge of mapping Internet governance and ways and means of making it more accessible to all concerned. The panellists will address the following issues:
  • What does Internet governance include?
  • What are the criteria for mapping Internet governance issues and their relevance?
  • How can we create easier access to Internet governance?
  • If a one-stop shop is a solution, what functions should it have and how should it be organised?

A discussion thread from this session will continue at:

  • Session ‘Same issues, different perspectives: overcoming policy silos in privacy and data protection’ (18 November 2014: 14.30–16.00)
  • Forum: How do actors deal with the complexity of Internet governance? (19 November 2014: 09.00–10.30)
13.00 ‒ 14.30
Lunch break
14.30 ‒ 16.00
Same issues, different perspectives: overcoming policy silos in privacy and data protection
Moderator: Vladimir Radunovic, DiploFoundation and GIP
Brian Trammell, Internet Engineering TaskForce (IETF)
Nick Ashton-Hart, Computer and Communications Industry Association
Amb. Thomas Hajnoczi, Permanent Mission of Austria to the United Nations, Geneva
Carly Nyst, Privacy International 
The omnipresence of the Internet in modern society makes most Internet policy issues transversal. For example, cybercrime cannot be addressed only as a security issue or e-commerce only as trade issue. Yet, a transversal approach is more an exception than a common practice in Internet governance. This session will discuss ways and means of introducing a transversal approach using the example of data protection and privacy, addressed from standardisation, human rights, diplomatic, security, and business perspectives.
14.30 ‒ 16.00
Legal framework, jurisdiction, and enforcement in Internet governance
Moderator: Prof. Jacques de Werra, University of Geneva
Prof. Rolf Weber, University of Zurich
Prof. Joe Cannataci, University of Groningen
Dr Mira Burri, Senior Research Fellow, World Trade Institute, University of Bern
Konstantinos Komaitis, Policy Advisor, Internet Society
Xianhong Hu, UNESCO 
The Internet does not function in a legal vacuum. Increasingly, it is perceived that what is (il)legal offline is (il)legal online. The UN Human Rights Council made this principle explicit: ‘The same rights that people have offline must also be protected online.’ Thus, most Internet issues are already regulated in the offline environment (e.g. jurisdiction, copyright, trademark, labour law).The main challenge is how to apply these rules to Internet transactions, particularly in view of transborder aspects and the speed of Internet activities. At the preparatory seminar for the Conference, the idea of legal innovation with wisdom was suggested. It means that there is a need for innovation for the Internet, which should not ignore  the wisdom of the legal profession gathered over centuries in regulating conflicts and ensuring order in human society.

The session will focus on the following questions:

  • Is there any area where the ‘offline/online principle’ cannot be applied and there will be a need for new substantive rules for the Internet?
  •  What are the specific challenges for applying  existing legal rules on the Internet?
  •  How do we innovate with wisdom? What are the possible innovations?
14.30 ‒ 16.00
Inclusion in digital policy: e-participation and capacity development
Moderator: Pete Cranston, co-director, Euforic Services, Oxford
Chengetai Masango, Secretariat of the Internet Governance Forum
Ginger Paque, DiploFoundation
Anders Norsker, ITU (tbc)
Marília Maciel, Center for Technology and Society, FGV Brazil
Anne-Rachel Inne, ICANN
Inclusive digital policy depends on e-participation and capacity development. E-participation ensures participation of all those who cannot participate in situ. It is not surprising that e-participation in global governance is most advanced in the field of Internet governance.  The session will discuss the four most relevant experiences in digital policy: the IGF, ICANN, the ITU, and NETmundial. 
The session will provide concrete input based on the following questions:
  • What  practical techniques are there for making e-participation more effective?
  • How can we ensure proper synchronisation between two dynamics of the event: in situ (in the conference room) and remote (via e-participation)?
  • How do we deal with different time-zones in e-participation?
  • How do we  ensure capacity development for e-participation?
16.00 ‒ 16.30
Coffee break
16.30 ‒ 17.30
Wrap-up and discussion (feedback and synthesis of ideas)
19.00 ‒ 20.30
Cocktail dînatoire (Maison de la Paix, Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2)
DAY TWO – 19 November 2014
The complexity of Internet governance: sustaining innovation while ensuring equality

09.00 ‒ 10.30

FORUM: How do nations cope with Internet governance complexity?
Hon. Helena Dalli, Minister for Social Dialogue, Consumer Affairs and Civil Liberties, Malta
Parminder Jeet Singh, Executive Director, IT for Change, India
Marília Maciel, Center for Technology and Society, FGV Brazil
Richard Samans, Managing Director and Member of the Managing Board, World Economic Forum 
With more than 50 Internet policy issues addressed in hundreds of various forums, many actors face difficulties in following Internet governance. Some governments, such as China, the USA, and Germany, have introduced cyber and Internet ambassadors as a way of covering foreign digital policy. Many countries started a national Internet Governance Forum in order to integrate the wider technical, academic, and business communities in Internet policies. For business and technical communities, following IG requires covering non-technical issues such as human rights (e.g. privacy). For civil society, in particular small organisations, covering the IG field is becoming very difficult. At the same time, due to the inter-connection of IG issues, many actors cannot afford not to use a comprehensive approach including technical, legal, and human rights aspects among others. Panellists will present different experiences in covering Internet governance and suggest some practical solutions. The session is planned to end with a list of concrete suggestions that should help various actors to deal with the complexity of IG.
10.30 ‒ 11.00
Coffee break
11.00 ‒ 12.30
Aim for full transparency – accept exceptional translucency
Moderator: Pete Cranston, co-director, Euforic Services, Oxford
Veronica Cretu, Open Government Institute (Moldova)
Nigel Hickson, Vice-President, ICANN
Avri Doria, Principal Researcher, Technicalities
Kari Tapiola, ILO
Transparency is essential for robust and effective Internet governance. It is particularly important in multistakeholder spaces that typically do not have procedural mechanisms to ensure procedural transparency and due process. While full transparency should be a default operational mode, in some cases a ‘translucent’ approach could be considered (e.g. limited public participation in deliberation with full publicity of results of deliberations). This session will aim to establish criteria for determining the level of transparency needed (e.g. full transparency with transcription, access to documents, etc.). It will rely on experiences from the Open Governance and ILO communities.
11.00 ‒ 12.30
Subsidiarity: how to make Internet governance decisions at the appropriate level, building on lessons learnt from Switzerland
Moderator: Thomas Schneider, OFCOM
Peter Gruetter, Swiss Telecommunications Association
Norbert Bollow, co-founder and co-convenor of the Just Net Coalition
Michel Veuthey, Vice-president of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law
, San Remo
Hanane Boujemi, Hivos
While global solutions are preferable for global issues (e.g. IG, climate change), they are often difficult to achieve. After the failure of the Copenhagen summit (2009), the climate change community focused more on local, national, and regional initiatives. The same tendencies are noticeable in IG (most cybercrime conventions are regional, protests against IG policies are regional/national – SOPA, ACTA).
IG issues should be addressed at the policy level which is closest to the cause of the issues (e.g. cybercrime) or the impact a specific policy may have (e.g. access, net neutrality). 
The main challenges will be to ensure that ‘policy elevators’ move both ways (up and down) among local,national, regional, and global levels. The session will also discuss the practice of ‘forum shopping’ (inserting policy initiatives on the most favourable policy level). Swiss academics and practitioners will  present the country’s long experience in using subsidiarity principles.

The panel will address the following specific questions:
  • What issues could be addressed effectively at a lower level than a global one (e.g. regional and national levels)?
  • How can we ensure synchronisation among different policy levels while avoiding the risk of ‘forum shopping’?
11.00 ‒ 12.30
Evidence in Internet governance: measurement and data-mining
Moderator: Vladimir Radunovic, DiploFoundation and GIP
Aaron Boyd, Chief Strategy Officer, ABI Research
Sacha Wunsch-Vincent, Senior Economist, WIPO
Eliot Lear, CISCO
Kavé Salamatian, University of Savoie, France
Although the Internet is an engineering artifact, we do not have sufficient technical data of relevance for Internet governance. For example, one of the major problems in cybersecurity is the lack of data about threats and losses. Policy-makers and, increasingly a more engaged general public,  are looking for data such as: the impact of digital innovation on economic growth; the quantity of digital assets and their distribution worldwide, etc. The session will focus on three main issues:
  • Mapping of available data and measurement of relevance for IG
  • Survey of data and measurement for specific issues. 
  • Techniques and approaches to improve evidence and measurement of relevance for IG.
12.30 ‒ 14.00
Lunch break
14.00 ‒ 15.30
Lessons learned from other multistakeholder processes
Moderator: Anne-Marie Buzatu, DCAF
Andy Orsmond, International Code of Conduct Association
Michel Quillé, Europol
Amb. Theodor H. Winkler, Director – DCAF
Michele Woods, WIPO
The different stakeholder communities remain divided over the legitimate carrying out and enforcement of decisions. Consequently, compliance remains a test case for IG processes. How can we ensure effective implementation and compliance of decisions, in particular those that require the participation of multiple actors with different views on legitimacy and accountability?
14.00 ‒ 15.30
Drafting in policy processes: how can we best nurture the socialisation of policy texts in multistakeholder contexts?
Moderator: Jovan Kurbalija, DiploFoundation and GIP
Richard Hill, Association for Proper Internet Governance
Avri Doria, Principal Researcher, Technicalities
Alex Sceberras Trigona, Special Envoy of the Prime Minister of Malta and former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Malta 
One of the fathers of the Internet Jon Postel said ‘Group discussion is very valuable; group drafting is less productive.’ The more people involved, the greater the complexity of the process. The drafting process is not individual writing; it is highly social. Thus, ‘socialisation of the text’ is essential for successful negotiations. All involved should be aware of how the final draft was negotiated, what was included, and what was left out. Participants should know that their voices were heard, considered, and adopted… or not, accordingly.

The panellists will address the following questions:

  • How do we harvest and harness a wide range of inputs in the drafting process? 
  • What types of procedures are needed to ensure that the drafted text can have legitimate acceptance by most actors involved in the process?
  • How do we deal with conflicting situations in the drafting process?
14.00 ‒ 15.30
Funding, accountability and trust in Internet governance
Moderator: Pete Cranston, co-director, Euforic Services, Oxford
Markus Kummer, Member of the ICANN Board of Directors

Désirée Miloshevic, Afilias International
Jean-Marie Chenou, University of Lausanne
Funding,  accountability, and trust are closely inter-related and are necessary for a legitimate governance system. Funding  contributes to accountability, which in turn creates more trust in IG space. This session will address various approaches to fundraising in Internet governance. It will also discuss the question of accountability and trust.
15.30 ‒ 16.00
Coffee break
16.00 ‒ 17.00
Closing session: wrap-up and concluding remarks
Philipp Metzger, Director-General, OFCOM 

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