Here are some brief notes concerning the session named 'Access and Diversity'.
The difference between IGF 2009 and IGF 2010, when it comes to access and diversity topics, is that last year in Sharm el Sheikh these topics were separated, but in Vilnius these topics are consolidated.
As for the access they discussed two issues: access to infrastructure and access to content, emphasizing that the topics related to regulatory issues will be addressed tomorrow.
- 30% of the population of the EU has never used the Internet and many of them haven't done this because they don't have an access to any network
- access to the Internet should be proclaimed as a basic human right and established at the global level. Being proclaimed as a basic human right it will provide a global obligation for the governments, international organizations and business sector to achieve that goal
- there is no purpose to talk about bridging the digital divide, some kind of digital divide will always exist. The only thing we can do is to try to decrease the number of people having no access to the network
- a multilingual Internet should be viewed as a citizen right and this is one of the possible tools to decrease the digital divide in developing countries. Internationalization of domain names will help to build a multilingual Internet
- social networks are not new in the Internet system
- social networks are not yet globalized, meaning that we are still communicating with people we already know, but social networks should be used to engage with global people, taking an action and trying to solve present and future problems
- geolocation is used in the context of criminal investigation, censorship, spam fighting, taxation, regional licensing
- diversity should come before access since in each country there is a societal, linguistic and cultural diversity. The need for access as a democratic process should follow
- the myth that accessibility cost should be debunked. It is cheaper to include than to exclude.