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Mexico, formally the United Mexican States is a federal constitutional republic, the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) is responsible for organizing federal elections, The Institute is an autonomous, public organization. Mexico is a federation of thirty-one free and sovereign states and one Federal District, each state has its own electoral institute. In Mexico, the national electoral register has been automated, this database contains demographic information about voters, for voting in Mexico citizens must obtain a voting card (this document includes voter's signature, digital prints, picture and the CURP number (census single code). Mexico has implemented electronic voting (e-voting), in some states, i.e. Distrito Federal (Federal District), Coahuila and San Luis Potosí, at national level e-voting is still at evaluation stage.

                           Image from Wikipedia - Political divisions of Mexico

The Federal District 
The Electoral Institute of The Federal District (IEDF) has been working on polling place e-voting since the year 2000, and has made some not binding pilot pool tests on years 2003, 2006 and 2007. In 2001 pilot e-voting pool test the Federal District uses 150 borrowed pools from The Superior Electoral Court from Brazil (23,000 citizens participated), a post-election voter survey was made and a majority of voters favor e-voting. In 2009 were used 40 of 60 e-voting pools in legally binding political elections.The 2006 year e-voting pool test was made with 40 e-voting pools designed by: IEDF, the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN), The Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education (city of Mexico campus) and The National Autonomous University of Mexico. In 2012 for Internet e-voting there were registered 2.273 citizens from The Federal District living in The Americas, 1,686 in Europe, 107 in Asia and Oceania and 18 in Africa.The Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary approves mechanisms to collect votes from Federal District citizens living abroad to elect the head of government by Internet.



On 2005 and 2008 Coahuila State made legally binding e-voting political elections (not all territories participated), this State used 100 electronic voting machines.

The Electronic Voting Observatory (OVE) worked together with The University of Leon (Spain) in 2009, they have made to Coahuila e-voting system many proofs of functionality.

Persons in the picture form right to left: Luis Panizo (OVE's Secretary) José Ángel Hermida (University of Leon President), Carlos Alberto Arredondo (Coahuila's Electoral Adviser), Jordi Barrat (OVE's Scientific Committee Vice President), mexican researchers and Erika- Yamel Munive (King Juan Carlos University's Ph.D. researcher)



On July 1st, 2012 the Electoral and Citizen Participation Institute of Jalisco used 1,200 e-voting pools on 43 municipalities (617,000 voters); the first e-voting political election in Jalisco was made on 2009 in Tuxcueca using e-voting pools in the entire municipality.

2012 Mexican elections Google's coverage

Doodle: Mexican elections 2012

Google maps showed preliminary election’s results: Mexican Map

Google drew preliminary election’s results graphics: Mexican Graphic


Google maps showed polling places: Mexican polling places



IFE launches Mobile App to keep track of Mexican elections results: the PREP’s vote counting





Information Sources (only in spanish):

How do you vote by Internet? - by IEDF

The Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary judgment on 2012 e-...

Observatory of E-Voting in Latin America - Mexico's report

DiCYT Agency: Coahuila's e-voting pool

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Comment by Erika-Yamel Munive on July 26, 2012 at 12:08am
Hi Bonface!!, you are welcome!!, from which country was that news channel?, maybe you are right..few days ago I was reading about Somalia and I think that somalians have more problems than mexicans... I hope that Mexico will never reach current statistics on violence in Somalia, I wish all the best for Somalia' s future.... :)
Comment by Bruce Avasadanond on July 14, 2012 at 10:03am

Hi Erika,

Thank you very much for sharing your experience on e-voting in Mexico! I found the information to be very useful and informative.

I also liked the pictures you provided. It's nice and graphic. I was wondering if it'd be possible to include pictures, but now, from your post, I see that this is possible.

What are you own personal experiences with e-voting? I've never had the chance to experience e-voting, so I would love to hear a personal account (personal narritive) from someone who has direct experience.

I also have a few questions in relation to e-voting in Mexico. How does it work if the person is illiterate? if he/she is not comfortable using the computer (or doesn't know how)? What if the electricity goes out? How did the government ensure that there would be no cheating? Do you think that the votes and election were transparent? I personally have my concerns and reservations. What about hackers? If they can hack into the Pentagon, why can't they hack into the computer and servers and change the results?

Thank you for your contribution and for addressing my concerns.


Comment by Bonface Witaba on July 13, 2012 at 6:19pm
"Ola Erika.Muchas gracias for sharing. I was watching one of the international news channels during the Mexican elections weeks ago and they said, "Mexico is to America, what Somalia is to Africa". I guess this was pointing to the lawlessness and the drug barons/cartels. Do you echo those sentiments?



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