CULTURE AS A PROMOTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND SOCIAL PEACE
Translation and LocalizationLawyer graduated from the UNLP (Argentina).Researcher-Teacher at the UBA (Guest of the Specialization in Computer Law), and in the USAL (Master's in Science of Legislation).
KEY WORDS:peace, society, culture, education, science, technology, human rights, United Nations, Unesco, Heritage.
Culture manifests itself as every activity carried out by man.The expression of his being and the sublimation of his desires, led to create all kinds of manifestations that had repercussions in society, creating tradition and evolution.Civilization has advanced, from the origin of our history to the present, developing the intellect and the skills, to achieve creations that last in time and are transmitted from generation to generation.A world that is concerned with improving reality and advancing, respecting fundamental human rights, and above all values, can achieve social peace by uniting its members;Achieving true conviction in living in harmony with the peers and the environment.
UNITED NATIONS (UN), CULTURAL VALUES.UNESCO.
UNESCO was created in 1945 to respond to the firm idea of nations, forged by two world wars in less than a generation, that political and economic agreements are not enough to build lasting peace.Peace must be founded on the moral and intellectual solidarity of humanity.
UNESCO strengthens the links between nations and societies to:
That all orayñorñor have access to aqualityeducationorn as a fundamental human right andaprerequisite for human development
There is an intercultural understanding through PROTECTINGheritage and supporting cultural diversity.UNESCO creorthe concept of'WorldHeritage'to protect places of outstanding universal value.
That continue progress and COOPERATIONPARTNERSscientificandIbetween pa LINKAGESvountriesreinforcinginitiatives such as the early warning system for tsunamis, cross-border agreements GESTIorresource n hijulien reinforcement
That freedom of expressionorn is protected because it is a conditionorn essential for democracy, development and human dignity.
The message of UNESCO has never been so important as it is today.Comprehensive policies must be developed that are capable of responding to the social, environmental and economic dimension of sustainable development.This new way of thinking about sustainable development strengthens the founding principles of the Organization.In a globalized world, exchanges and miscegenation should be opportunities to build peace in the minds of women and men1
UNESCO GOVERNING BODIES.
TheGeneral Conferenceis composed of representatives of all Member States of the Organization.It meets every two years, with the participation of Member States and Associate Members.Non-member States, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations and foundations are also invited to participate as observers.Each Member State has one vote, regardless of the size or importance of its contribution to the budget.
The General Conference determines the orientation and overall direction of UNESCO.It adopts a Program and Budget for UNESCO for the next two years.Elects the members of the Executive Council and appoints the Director General every four years.The working languages of the General Conference are English, Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, French and Russian.
TheExecutive Councilis, in a way, the board of UNESCO.It prepares the work of the General Conference and ensures that decisions are properly implemented.The functions and responsibilities of the Executive Board stem essentially from the Constitution and from the regulations or directives established by the General Conference.This regulation is complemented by the resolutions of the General Conference.Every two years, the General Conference entrusts specific tasks to the Council.Other attributions emanate from agreements concluded between UNESCO and the United Nations, specialized agencies and other intergovernmental organizations.
Its 58 members are elected by the General Conference.The selection respects the diversity of cultures and the geographical origin that each country represents;These are complex arbitrations to achieve a balance between the various regions of the world, which reflects the universality of the Organization.The Executive Board meets twice a year.2
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