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Mwende Njiraini's Blog (26)

Net Neutrality in Africa

One of the great policy and governance questions of today and the future is how to provide Internet to all of humanity (Sambuli, 2016).   Various strategies are being deployed to connect the “next billion” Internet users - most of whom are in Asia, Africa and Latin America.

In Kenya the government has created an enabling environment that has allowed network operators to make significant investment in infrastructure to meet the ever growing consumer demand for high speed broadband…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on May 5, 2016 at 3:46pm — No Comments

Zero-rated Internet Boon or Bane?

Airtel, a mobile Operator in Kenya has launched the Airtel UnlimiNet, a mobile data plan a zero rated plan that enables subscribers to download and upload online content without incurring data usage charges or having their usage counted against data usage limits.  This means that subscribers can keep browsing (Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp,…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on April 2, 2015 at 11:00am — No Comments

Al-Shabaab internet blackout disrupts lives, provokes outrage in southern Somalia

For the thousands of residents in Hiran, Middle and Lower Jubba regions who have been unable to access the internet on their mobile phones for the past two weeks, al-Shabaab's internet blackout represents a new burden in life, one that makes communicating with loved ones around the world a nearly impossible endeavour....…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on February 14, 2014 at 2:29pm — 1 Comment

DotShabaka top-level internet domain goes live

An Arabic net address ending has become the first to go live as part of the rollout of more than 1,000 new generic top-level domain (gTLD) name suffixes.

The first websites ending in شبكة. - pronounced dot shabaka, and meaning web - went online a day ahead of schedule.

Read more

Added by Mwende Njiraini on February 5, 2014 at 7:51am — No Comments

Argentina restricts online shopping as foreign reserves drop

Argentina has introduced new restrictions on online shopping as part of efforts to stop foreign currency reserves from falling any further.

Anyone buying items through international websites will now need to sign a declaration and produce it at a customs office, where the packages have to be collected.

The procedure will need to be repeated for every…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on January 22, 2014 at 3:01pm — No Comments

Net neutrality threatened by US federal court

A US federal appeals court has rejected rules intended to prevent internet service providers (ISPs) from prioritising certain types of content.

Net neutrality is the principle that ISPs should not block web traffic for customers who pay less to give faster speeds to those who pay more


The US Federal Communication Commission (FCC) adopted the rules in 2010.

They were challenged by ISP Verizon, which…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on January 15, 2014 at 2:36pm — No Comments

Federal Communication Commission’s Open Internet rules

The Federal Communication Commission has issued  three basic rules on open internet which include:

1. Transparency: Broadband providers must disclose information regarding their network management practices, performance, and the commercial terms of their broadband services;

2. No Blocking: Fixed broadband providers (such as DSL, cable modem or fixed wireless providers) may…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on January 15, 2014 at 8:39am — No Comments

Are Africa Telco Strategies really working?

In his article “The Bane of “Consultants” on African Telcos fortunes”, Tom Makau states that investors have made a big mistake by formulating a single strategy for “Africa” assuming there exists a homogenous economic entity called the “African market”.  The African continent as far as geo-political boundaries, economic zoning has widely varying tax policies and regulatory…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on February 1, 2013 at 3:00pm — No Comments

Assessment of the impact of Internet Exchange Points – empirical study of Kenya and Nigeria

Assessment of the impact of Internet Exchange Points – empirical study of Kenya and Nigeria - a study done by ISOC shows the Kenya Internet Exchange Point (KIXP) currently localizes approximately 1Gbit/s of peak traffic, reduces latency from 200-600 ms to 2-10 ms to 2-10ms allowing ISPs to save almost $1.5 million per year on international connectivity.

On the other hand, the Internet Exchange Point of Nigeria (IXPN)…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on May 4, 2012 at 4:02pm — No Comments

Including Mobile Number Portability in Kenya Telco Business Models

According to Tom Makau, the existing telco business model in Kenya is under threat. 

Despite the exponential growth of the mobile internet it has the potential to diminishing marginal returns on investments thus the need cleverly craft triple play bundles.  Additionally, the regulator is making the environment more difficult with other measures including…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on May 3, 2012 at 11:02am — 1 Comment

Another Brewing Storm Over Potential UN Regulation of the Internet

Once again, many companies in the telecoms and information and communications technology (ICT) sector are facing the spectre of …… the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)) regulating critically important aspects of the internet........

….in December 2012, the ITU will be holding a major treaty-writing conference in Dubai......(World Conference on International Telecommunications…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on December 2, 2011 at 7:03am — No Comments

IGF11: My impressions on 6th Internet Governance Forum held in Nairobi, Kenya

It was like a dream come true…… the 6th Internet Governance Forum (IGF11) was held in my home town, Nairobi!


The relaxed space that is the United Nations Office at Nairobi (UNON) facilities, offered speakers and participants a serene environment for rather hurried discussions on access, development, freedoms and innovation at time-limited…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on October 28, 2011 at 9:04am — 2 Comments

Establishing a National CSIRT in Africa - Kenyan Case Study


Cybersecurity is a growing global concern as critical infrastructure and services including financial, energy, telecommunication and transport increasingly becoming internet-dependent.    Deterring cybercrime is an integral component of a national cybersecurity and critical information infrastructure protection (CIIP) strategy. 


The formulation and implementation of a cybersecurity strategy requires a comprehensive approach that involves the adoption of appropriate…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on September 6, 2011 at 9:25am — 6 Comments

Cloud computing: Opportunities for Developing Countries

Cloud computing is said to present numerous advantages including reduced capital costs associated with IT resources and equipment as well as flexibility - the ability to scale up or down IT applications, platform or infrastructure on demand. 


Cloud computing services such as Communications-as-a-Service (CaaS) support the “dematerialization” - the replacement of atoms with bits - potentially reduce carbon emissions hence promoting sustainable consumption and development by…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on July 25, 2011 at 10:50pm — 1 Comment

Open Access: Enabling Access to Affordable Broadband in Kenya

1.      Introduction

There is now global recognition of the central role of the Internet in social and economic development.  This realisation is influencing government policies to improve access to affordable internet services.  To achieve this objective governments have pursued liberalisation and privatisation strategies to improve the state of telecommunication network infrastructure and services while the industry is employing strategies that will give them competitive…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on July 12, 2011 at 9:33am — No Comments

The Internet never forgets!

Do you have a  facebook, gmail, yahoo, twitter, linkedIn or other social network account?


You can get all your google mail chats


Do you have your cat, dog, niece, nephew as your facebook profile feature: Forget it…..…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on June 24, 2011 at 10:44am — 4 Comments

Cybersecurity in the Kenyan Context


I had the privilege of  making a presentation at the 23rd Annual FIRST Conference held 12-17 June 2011, Vienna Austria on Cybersecurity in the Kenyan Context




Added by Mwende Njiraini on June 21, 2011 at 1:00am — 3 Comments

Open Access Networks for Affordable Broadband in Developing Countries


Access to affordable broadband is increasing influencing government policies.  Traditional remedies to improve access to affordable internet services including liberalisation and privatisation have unfortunately not resulted in reduction of the price of broadband particularly in developing countries.  This has resulted in the need for new and innovative approaches to meet the growing demand for broadband access.  One such approach that is gaining ground globally is the ‘open access…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on February 17, 2011 at 2:28pm — No Comments

Egyptian Protests ...internet & mobile communication disrupted

These are excerpts from BBC News:


The (Egyptian) government says it is open to dialogue but also warned of "decisive measures" as the fourth day of violent protests loomed…


Widespread disruption has been reported to the internet and mobile phone messaging services…..the Facebook and Twitter social websites had been disrupted along with mobile phone messaging, followed by loss of many internet services….3G was not working and SMS messages were…


Added by Mwende Njiraini on January 28, 2011 at 6:57am — 4 Comments

Day 2 -#igf10#WS123: Legal Aspects of Internet Governance: International Cooperation on Cyber-security

In his contribution to workshop Legal Aspects of Internet Governance: International Cooperation on Cyber-security (Workshop 123 ) Vint Cerf recommended that cybercrime should not be the only motivation to develop legal agreement; in addition to legal mechanisms digital signatures could be used to validate information. However there is need for uniform agreement to justify legal structures on cybercrime. Caution however should be applied in viewing cybercrime strictly as legal abuse/criminality,… Continue

Added by Mwende Njiraini on September 15, 2010 at 11:30pm — No Comments



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