Decree on Internet limitations prepared in Belarus (Text of the document)
“Nasha Niva” newspaper received a draft decree “On measures for revising
use of the national segment of the World Wide Web”.
Under this document, control over web-sites in Belarus is to be carried out
in accordance with to the procedure prescribed by the Council of Ministers
on approval of the special service, the Operational and Analytics Centre of
the Presidential Administration (OAC).
Under the draft decree, the OAC is to control internet providers of the
country. “Telecommunications operators that have a right to access the
international telecommunications networks, and accredited Internet services
providers” are to be approved by the OAC “under the agreement with the
president of the Republic of Belarus”.
Activities of a provider can be discontinued by a decree of the Council of
Ministers. The OAC’s capacities also include ban on access to information
which is illegal under the Belarusian law. Registration of domain names .by
is to be controlled by the OAC as well.
The same agency is also to handle enforcement of the national legislation by
the companies which provide Internet services.
The draft decree also includes a plan of actions for the next year, which
are to be implemented by the Council of Ministers and the OAC with the aim
to revise work of the national segment of the Web. Thus, under this draft
document, within three months after the decree publication the Council of
Ministers is to ensure regulatory actions for the work of informational
resources of the Belarusian segment of the web, and to about owners of
Clause 1.5 of the decree causes concern. It reads: “Upon the request of a
user, providers of Internet services effect services limiting access to
information which is aimed at extremist activities” and so on.
Within one year after the decree’s coming in force, it is planned to write
a draft law on the national segment of the Internet and offer it for
consideration of the Belarusian president.
The Operational and Analytical Centre was created in 2008.
We offer to your attention some extracts from the draft document.
1. Registration of resources of the national segment of the World Wide Web
is to be carried out in accordance with to the procedure prescribed by the
Council of Ministers on approval of the Operational and Analytics Centre
under the jurisdiction of the Presidential Administration (OAC).
Information about the registered resources of the national segment of the
Web is to be conveyed to the OAC in a procedure and in the amount prescribed
by this Centre.
* The national segment of the Word Wide Web means of informational networks,
systems, resources, including telecommunications networks and complexes of
software and hardware facilities connected to the network limited to the
territory and (or) domain area of the Republic of Belarus.
1.2. Operators and other legal entities and private entrepreneurs that
provide Internet services (Internet providers) must identify * Internet
users** to whom their services are rendered.
Information about identification of Internet users is to be stored by
Internet providers for at least one year and to be submitted upon request of
state bodies which carry out investigative activities, prosecution agencies,
preliminary investigation agencies, courts;
1.4. When Internet providers, Internet users violate requests of this
decree, or other legal acts in the sphere of use of the national segment of
the Web, rendering services with the use of this network can be suspended or
discontinued in a procedure prescribe by the Council of Ministers of the
Republic of Belarus.
Suspension of rendering Internet services is executed after demand of
competent government bodies, as well as state agencies which carry out
investigative activities, prosecution agencies, preliminary investigation
agencies, courts where there are sufficient grounds to believe that
continuation of access to these services would contribute to commission of
2. The Council of Ministers of Belarus:
2.1. Within three months is:
2.1.1. To define:
The sphere of duties of organs of state administration subject to the
Government of the Republic of Belarus, in the sphere of World Wide Web use;
The list of services rendered with the use of the national segment of the
Web, and responsibility of Internet providers for keeping records of them;
The procedure of conveying information necessary for identification of
Internet users and services provided to them, to state agencies which carry
out investigative activities, prosecution agencies, preliminary
investigation agencies, courts;
The procedure of suspension or termination of rendering services in the
national segment of the Web;
2.2. Within six months:
A draft Concept on development of the national segment of the Web is to be
created and offered for approval of the President of Belarus;
The procedure of state registration of mass media disseminated by means of
Internet, and the procedure of their production is to be determined;
The procedure f Internet users’ identification in places of collective use
of the Internet, including Internet-café clients, home networks users is to
Within a year state agencies concerned are to prepare and offer for
consideration of the head of state offers for enacting into law
administrative, criminal and other responsibility for law violations in the
sphere of Internet use.http://www.charter97.org/en/news/2009/12/14/24572/