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Share you ideas on the current telecommunication infrastructure situation in your countries, and your suggestions for improvement.
I have compiled below, views from participants of the advanced infrastructure class.
Please feel free to share your thoughts on the existing article or add new information.
Telecommunication infrastructure in places like Guyana are served with copper phone lines in most urban areas and some suburbs. Wireless serve areas without phone lines. ADSL and dial-up are the main technology used to access the internet. DOCSIS or Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification, is a telecommunication standard which allows high-speed data transfer through existing cable TV (CATV) system is also used to provide internet access. WiMAX or Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access on the other hand is available only in the capital.
The main backbone connecting Guyana is the Americas II fiber optic cable running from Florida to South America. This cable aims to connect North America to South America. However since this cable runs on land in Guyana,it is very prone to breakages causing serious downtimes. Connections via Satellite are alternately used when the Americas 2 fiber optic link is down. However recently in January 2010, a 700-mile submarine fiber-optic cable was landed off the Atlantic Coast at Kingston, sparking hopes of a telecommunication revolution in the country. The change has impacted on the level of service by allowing an increase in bandwidth for the same price. The average cost of a residential DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) connection for 1Mbps is about US$50 which has seen a lot of advancement in its telecommunication sector in the recent years.
By Aneal Giddings - Guyana
In Trinidad and Tobago, the Telecommunication Acts 2001 setting the legal framework for the regulation of the telecommunication market has allowed for competition in all markets. To date, there exist four active ISPs, eight international voice service providers and six TV operators. Modern infrastructure and international connectivity is provided with full redundancy via fiber optic systems.A number of operators authorized to provide broadband and internet services include Telecommunication Services of Trinidad and Tobago, Flow ICNTT, TRICO, Computer Services Ltd, Greendot and Digicel. TSTT broadband protfolio includes WiMAX, VDSL2, ADSL, and GPON. Flow company owned by Columbus Communication Inc is involved in the deployment of a nationwide optic network for voice, video and data. Though Trinidad and Tobago has a range of submarine cables, the main one could be Columbus Networks connecting the Caribbean and Latin America to North America. Despite competition and growing availability, access prices still generally not cheap.
By Gerard Ahee - Trinidad & Tobago
Telecommunication infrastructure problems particularly fiber optic cable rapture is a common problem. In Burkina Faso, telecommunication infrastructure have grown since the liberalization of the sector in 1996, followed by the arrival of two competing mobile operators. This development has resulted in an improvement of access towards rural areas. However issues that need to be addressed include regulatory authority required to monitor and where possible encourage operators to invest in infrastructure development for the country. Though the development plans for the specifications for operators are provided, the penalties for the violation of this regulations are never implemented. Vandalism of telecommunication infrastructure greatly affects the network. Great sensitization to inform the citizen about the impact of vandalism on infrastructure, economically and socially should be undertaken throughout the country.
By Belemou Alimata - Burkina Faso
Tutor: Biljana Glisovic Milic
Moderator: Parkop Kisokau
IGCBP Advanced Infrastructure 2011