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Please prepare for tomorrows sessions. Mark ones that you want to visit. We need to cover all issues and topics so we need to make a schedule for all of us (tomorrow morning).

At the end of the day I am expecting from you to make a brief report on sessions that you be on. As a replay to the discussion "Programme for fellows for Day ZZZ" (where ZZZ means the day of the IGF) you need to post your report with your explanation of the session and discussion and your comments.

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For day 1, 3rd december, here is my schedule :
9:00 : Diplo Booth
9:30' to 11:00 : Realizing Multi -Lingual Internet ( Main session hall)
11:00' to 12:30' : Youth and Intnernet Governance ( Room 4)
14:00 to 15:30 : Opening ceremony
16:30 to 18:00 : Knowledge as a global public good (Room5)
18:15 internal meeting with ITU Secretary General and Canadian gov.
Being at Diplo Booth in spare time
Day 3:


I am attending the following:

9:00 Best Practice Forum "Child Online Protection", Room 6, ITU (recommended)

9:30 Realizing a Multilingual Internet (will check on this for a bit)

There are overlapping schedules here but I'll check on both:

11.00 "Youth and IG", Room 4, Diplo (recommended)

11.30 "Overcoming obstacles of digital education", Room 3 (recommended)

1300 - 1600 will try to interview Diplo participants

1630 - 1800 Knowledge a s globaal public good

Day 2 (4th Dec)

10am - Presentation on IPv6

Are We loosing the battle against cyber crime?
Hi Nikola
Hi these are the sessions i propose to follow throug the IGF:
Day 1:
- legal aspces of governance of critical internet resources functions - contributing to capacity through legal analysist
- workshop 36 strategies to combating pornography in developing countries
- opening cermony
- opening to diversity and competition DNS system
Day 2
- workshop 42:IPv6 the solution for the future internet
- workshop 48: why is network neutrality debate important to you?
Day 3
-workshop 1: access: bootstrapping ccTLD growth and development in developing countries
- workshop 65: building global capacity building curriculum framework and primer for internet governance
-workshop 29: building confidence and security in the use of icts for african countries
-best practice forum internet governance capacity building

Day 4
- emerging issues
- stock taking and way forward
- closing ceremony
Day 2, December 4 sessions for me:

9:00 - 10:30 - IPv6: the Solution for the Future of the Internet

10:30 - will watch the debates

11:00 - 12:30 - will catch up on Access to local Culture and Language (ALCL)

12:30 - 14:00 - do the interviews again

14:30 - 16:00 - Net Neutrality: Examining the Issues and Implications for Development

16:30-18:00 - OECD Open Forum ---will need to attend this as this is discussion from the outcome of the OECD meeting on the Future of the Internet Economy in Korea that I attended
Dear All
I attended two different workshops today. The first was “Legal Aspects of Managing Critical Internet Resources (CIR).

The first speaker was Amitabh Singhal from the Indian Telecommunications Regulator. His presentation put forward policy issue areas regarding the Internet. Issues such as Internet Security, Intellectual Property Rights, Privacy, Consumer Rights, Telecoms issues relating to deployment and cost as well as Freedom of Expression and Capacity Building were mentioned.

According to the speaker, the current CIR Management has come under a lot of criticism mainly because of the US Government control over root server administration, its general inconsistency with WSIS Principles, lack of uniformed domain name allocation policies and the fact that IP Address Policies have been imbalanced in terms of distribution

The speaker mentioned some alternative developed by the WGIG. However all models proposed by the WGIG have been criticized as it proposes an overwhelming government led management with advisory role by the private sector.

He concluded by stating that there may a need to revisit the current CIR Management.

The second presentation was by Eric Erate. He described the models of the management of country code top level domains (cctlds). He described the fact that most of the cctlds were controlled and managed by NGOs the legal relationships were strictly contractual while administrative procedure was applied to those managed by government. In Brazil domain names are free because a law says that service provided by the Foreign Service shall be free, a law of 50 years. He also said that free trade agreement says cctlds must adopt UDRP but since some NGOS manage cctld this cannot it be enforced.

He concluded by saying that these issues need to be looked into.

The Second workshop was entitled Youth and Internet Governance: Challenges for the future. I listened to three presentations and had to interrupt my attendance while communicating with Rose. However I listened to Marilla describe Youth Access through Internet hubs and Dr. Wolfgang described the summer school on Internet governance and plans to take the school to the Arab region and the Asian continent. Christina also described the dangers to privacy to the youth especially in the use of online social networks such as face book.

My Plans for tomorrow?
Day 2, December 4 2008
9:30- 11 am Are we losing the battle against cybercrime?
11:00 – 12:30 Fostering Security Privacy and Openness
14:00 – 15:30 Network Neutrality, Examinig the Issues
16:00 – 17:30 Transboundary Internet, Jurisdiction Control and Sovereignty.
Plase, write your reports as replay on Programme for that day.
Programme for day 2
09:30 - 11:00
Workshop 20. Governance for Gate Keepers - Shaping Access to the Internet.
11:00 - 12:30
Dynamic coalition : open standards
14:30 - 16:00
Workshop 58. Why is Network Neutrality Debate Important for You? …
16:00 - 17:30
dynamic coalition : Internet and climate changes

Report on Youth and Internet Governance
This sessions was divided in two round. First speaker was Marilia who presented the Remote participation initiative (igfremote.com and http://www.intgovforum.org/cms/index.php/remoteparticipation ) and highlighted the relation between youth and remote participation project.
the next speaker was Eddan katz from EFF who focused on the concept of digital natives (which is a Berkman center project http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/research/digitalnatives) .
Nevine tewfik from egypt made an overview about Egyptian initiative for online children protection.
For second round, Prof Kleinwachter presented the experience of summer school and how is designed to involve and train youth on IG issues.
Kristina irion from Hungry made a clear presentation about importance of privacy issue on the case of social network and how it can be dangerous for youth after some years (she mentioned a good book about reputation http://docs.law.gwu.edu/facweb/dsolove/Future-of-Reputation/)
Agnieszka from Poland spoke about cyberbullying and presented the polish initiative aimed to fight it. it was a good case of the misuse of technology by youth and how we should prevent this.
last speaker from India made a speech about a project which he is a member and which allowed the management of blood transfer which prove how youth can be responsible and innovative.
For day 1, 3rd december, here is my schedule :
9:00 : Diplo Booth
9:30' to 11:00 : Realizing Multi -Lingual Internet ( Main session hall)
11:00' to 12:30' : Youth and Intnernet Governance ( Room 4)
14:00 to 15:30 : Opening ceremony
16:30 to 18:00 : Knowledge as a global public good (Room5)
18:15 internal meeting with ITU Secretary General and Canadian gov.
Being at Diplo Booth in spare time

Repports on sessions attended by Jean Paul NKURUNZIZA, first day 3rd December 2008.

Session one : 9:30' to 11:00 : Realizing Multi -Lingual Internet : Main session hall
We heard from Indian panellists that a big work is being done to integrate transcripts for the many languages spoken in India so that they could be used online. The presence of local languages on the net was linked to the thematic of access for all. There are so many challenges to integrate African languages on the Internet : No language that can be considered as global for all Africa. Even the language whose scripts are latin are have a weak presence in the web. This is due to the fact that publisher from Africa prefer to do it in Western languages : French and English.
One panellist added the fact that, there is only a need for presence of local languages, but also the need of presence of local cultures. Finally, there is a need for the content to respond at the local population needs.
At view proposed to include an oral internet.
In my view, this session was very rich : Panellist gave strong ideas.

Session 2 : 11:00' to 12:30' : Youth and Internet Governance ( Room 4)
The panellist gave out the challenges faced by the youth in the Internet Governance process : Lack of capacity, lack of awareness, lack of experience.
To try solve this, there was an exposé on the remote participation system. But is appeared clear that young persons of 20’s have been very creative on the Internet and created new applications ( Google, yahoo, ebay, …..). We learnt about some youth initiatives in Poland and in India ( Fighting the cyberbulling, and online sensitization to blood giving). Then, there is a need to involve more youths in Internet Governance decision making process.
In my view, this session was very well chaired, and I was happy to hear the advocacy for more involvement of youth in Internet Governance process.

Session 3 : 16:30 to 18:00 : Knowledge as a global public good : How Fair Use, Open Source and ICT Standards Can Expand Digital Inclusion (Room5)
There was explanation on how work the IPR by a member from WIPO first. The second exposé explained the advantages of OSS ( Open Sources Softares) and described them as on open public good.
The next exposé developed the experience of South Africa in developing and implementing FOSS ( Free and Open Source Software in governments services ( www.oss.gov.za).
The attendants asked interesting questions :
If OSS are really free, and if what would be recommended to telecenters and cyber café between proprietary software and OSS.
As response : Free software can be got for free but there must be a cost for maintenance and for capacity building.
In order to avoid, piracy and in order to have quality softwares, the OSS are recommended to telecenters and cybercafés.
Day 1 sessions

Internet topology and terminology


while browsing, it is best for the ISP to connect to the nearest internet exchange point as speed x distance costs less and the speed is faster.
Question that arose was about phising where Rick Lamb(Program Manager, IANA) responded by saying that ISP's should be able to deal with and try prevent it as the DNS is open. he further went on to say that it is still in discussion on what precautions and whether DNS SEC should be applied and the need for a global consesous on the matter.

Information accesibility:equal access and equal opportunity to people with Disabilities


It is essential for all web content to be accessed and understood by all persons with disability.

the Information and accesibility standard stipulates that;all web contenet should be
- Compatible
The web accesibility standard 2.0 should be availabe by Dec 2008.

Question: Can the content on your website be accessed and understood by persons with disability?
I attended the following sessions on December 03, 2008:

1) 09:30 - 11:00 Workshop 48. Understanding Internet Infrastructure: an Overview of Technology and Terminology
This session covered the basics (and little advanced) topics on Internet technology and terminology. The presenters spoke about the workings of IETF (IESG, IAB (Internet Architecture Board), NOG (Network Operations Group)), IANA (maintains uniqueness of domain names, IP addresses, ASN numbers and Protocol IDs) and NSRC (Network Startup Resource Center – in training).
Presenters also discussed the following points:
a) To connect to Internet, you have to go through 1 Internet Exchange point.
b) Majority of the Internet Exchange points are free (there are about 300 Internet Exchange points in the world)
c) ISPs can get together and create Internet Exchange points.
d) US has more number of Internet Exchange points, while there would be only 1-2 in developing countries.
e) DNS Sec is the new version of DSN which provides security
f) Peering between ISPs is free but Transit facilities (outside those ISPs) are chargeable.
g) The more the number of users using an Internet Exchange point the less costly it becomes to use the transit facility.

2) 11:00 - 12:30 Panel Discussion – Access
Points that caught my attention are as follows:
a) India has used the USO fund to build its infrastructure (by building towers for wireless connectivity) and the ISPs are given subsidy to provide services using this infrastructure.
b) Fiber can be put on electric poles as there is no interferences with power lines and its tougher to steal.
c) A good idea – Lay a duct to carry wires where ever you dig to lay your cable.

3) 14:00 - 15:30 Opening Ceremony
I attended it but I don’t think there was much to mention about it 

4) 15:30 - 17:00 Workshop 50. Opening to diversity and competition the DNS systemCan Internet governance change ...
Points that caught my attention are as follows:
a) Handles (Digital Object Identifiers – DOIs) can be used instead of DNS for accessing web pages.
a. Handles have a prefix/suffix eg. 10.1234/IGF report
b. Handles start with 10.xxx
c. DOI’s are maintained by an organization called IDF, giving competition to ICANN
d. DOI works on data structures, metadata (didn’t understand how it does not expire like a DNS record…)
e. DNS proxy can be used to access handles using a normal DNS server example of online DNS proxy is dx.doi.org
f. Handle.net gives a utility which enables mozilla browser to access handles without DNS proxy.

That’s it from my side for December 3, 2008. Please let me know your comments on the same.

Danny Nagdev
I have been writing comprehensive blogposts about most of the sessions that i have attended alongwith my personal take on the issue discussed. Thereby it benefits the participants as well as my friends, dedicated readers who follow my blog




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